31 January 2009

Selecting a Professional Photographer

Image quality relates to persuasion. You aren’t merely documenting your work but are actively trying to convince other people that yours is the best of its class. Photography,
like any other custom service, is never a “one size fits all” proposition, but a matter
of finding the right person for the job. 
Just as architecture is more than construction materials, photography goes far
beyond the mechanics of focus, exposure, and composition. It requires an aesthetic
aptitude for creating a unique and compelling presentation of a physical structure.
It requires craft: knowing how to choose lenses and aim lights, caring for details of
cleanliness and arrangement, understanding what color adjustments create the most
impact on a printed page and making sure permissions and releases are secured.
It requires professionalism, ensuring that finished images will be delivered reliably,
on time, on budget and looking better than you expected. Photography requires a
visual style that presents your work to its best advantage.
Images play a major role in defining how we come to know architecture and interior
spaces. Because photography is pivotal in understanding the built environment, choosing
a professional to photograph your project is a most important consideration. Here
are suggestions to make the experience of photographing your project a good one.
Which aspects of your project might best represent your design? Would you like to
highlight any specific concepts, architectural elements, or other features? Are some
areas best avoided? Which areas would illustrate creative problem solving?
Next, ask yourself how will you use the photography as an integrated part of your
marketing plan?
n Show the photos to clients via website, portfolio or presentation
n Use the photos for in-house reference/documentation
n Use the photos for internally produced publications
n Submit the photos for competitions
n Send to editors of trade magazines or books
n Use the photos in trade or consumer advertising
The answers to these questions will help you and the photographer define the
assignment parameters and develop cost estimates.
Share costs. Inquire whether other parties in your project (such as the owner,
contractors, consultants, product suppliers, financing sources, or even public agencies)
might be interested in participating in the assignment and sharing the expenses.
If so, all of the participants should likewise identify their needs and priorities.
It is important that the participants understand which costs are shared and which
are not. The total price has three components: creative/production fees, expenses
and rights licenses. Expenses (e.g., travel; consumables; equipment or prop rentals;
and fees paid to assistants, models and stylists) and production fees (the photographer’s
time, expertise and judgment) can be shared on any basis the participants choose.
Rights licenses, in contrast, are based on the use each participant makes of the
images and are not shared or transferable among the parties.
There are a number of possible strategies for finding the right photographer for the
job. One is to scan architecture magazines for images that impress you and find out
who made them. If the photo credits do not appear next to the pictures, they are
usually near the magazine’s table of contents or masthead. If an advertisement does
not show photo credits, a call to the advertiser or ad agency might produce a
name. Ask your professional colleagues for a recommendation.
To narrow the field of candidates, visit photographers’ websites, request samples
of their work or schedule meetings for portfolio presentations. Be aware that websites
and portfolios often represent only a limited selection of the photographer’s work.
When asking to see portfolios, request images from assignments of similar scope
and building type to the project you have in mind. 
Architectural photography is a specialty within the profession, requiring different
tools and skills than, say, weddings or wildlife. Within the specialty are further
specializations—interiors,exteriors, landscapes, aerials—that may be important toyour project. One criterionfor evaluating a website orportfolio is whether the imagesindicate that the photographer
has the skill and experience you want.
The photographer’s “vision” or stylistic approach is just as critical. You want a visual style
that complements both your architectural design and your marketing goals. Evaluating this factor is often the primary goal of a portfolio review. 
Once you have identified the few photographers who seem to have the experience,
skills and vision that match your goals, ask for estimates. You are not looking for
a “lowest bidder” but rather a confirmation that each candidate understands the
nature of the assignment. This understanding should encompass your budgetary
and marketing goals.
Although photography is a competitive industry, it is not a commodity business;
expect variations in the initial proposals you receive. The differences may reflect the
photographers’ experience, professional stature, different creative approaches and
interpretations of your needs.
An estimate is not set in stone. If it reveals a misunderstanding of your requirements,
call the photographer to discuss the matter. The photographer might make suggestions
that could yield better results or lower costs. For some concrete suggestions, see
“Controlling the Cost of a Photography Assignment” on page 10.
Don’t underestimate the value of a photographer’s enthusiasm and experience,
as he or she can become an important part of your creative team.
Try to match your needs with a photographer’s strengths, professionalism and
compatibility with your style. The right photographer for you is one who understands
your design ideas and can communicate them visually to the wider world.

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